Hay Fever

November 9, 2016

HAY FEVER

Scientifically known as Allergic Rhinitis, hay-fever affects about 1 in 5 people in Australia, and roughly 500 million people worldwide. It is defined as an allergy that affects the nose, and occurs when the insides of the nose become inflamed due to the over sensitised immune system reacting to certain substances which the body sees as a threat. This swelling is due to the release of histamines and other chemicals in the body. The majority of hay fever sufferers have found that their condition is worse at night. This is because night time is the worst time for pollen levels, or because the pillow on which they sleep may be full of dust mites (approximately 50 000 dust mites live in the average pillow). Hay fever can trigger asthma attacks as the level of inflammatory chemicals released from hay fever reactions increases, and causes muscle spasms and swelling in wider ranging mucous membranes.  

SYMPTOMS:

  • Mucous discharge
  • Sneezing
  • Itchiness
  • Congestion and blocked nose
  • Eye irritation
  • Watery eyes
  • Sinus pain
  • Throat itchiness
  • Snoring
  • Headaches

 

CAUSES:

  • Pollen (particularly grass pollen)
  • Dust
  • Dander
  • Mould
  • Dust mites
  • Fungal spores
  • Smoke