Integrative Body Psychotherapy

see also – Integrative Mindbody Therapy

Integrative Body Psychotherapy

Integrative Body Psychotherapy (IBP) identifies the somatic experience as the pathway to self-awareness and recognizes that the question of life itself is learned through somatic intelligence. In order for a client to gain insight into the self, the body must feel the experience in the core of the self. Psychologists believe that issues and problems develop when this physical compass–somatic intelligence–gets disturbed. The premise of Integrative Body Psychotherapy is that a person is better able to handle stressful situations when they are operating from a state of mindfulness or from their core self. This type of psychotherapy was developed by Dr. Jack Lee Rosenberg,

What is Integrative Body Psychotherapy Like?

During Integrative Body Psychotherapy, a therapist identifies different situations and triggers that propel a client into an involuntary and reflexive response mode that results in the disruption and blockage of pathways to mindfulness. There are multiple psychological fields or arenas that work cohesively and individually within the client and can be triggered at varying times or simultaneously. These fields are responsible for creating blocks and obstacles that halt the journey to enlightenment. Integrative Body Psychotherapy employs experiential methods within the context of the therapeutic model to challenge and dissolve these obstacles. A client is taught how to recognize each psychological field and to understand what steps he or she must take to move away from them, allowing him or her to continue going deeper into his or her inner wisdom on the road to healing and wholeness. As new situations arise, this sense of self-awareness empowers the client to more positively and effectively handle the circumstances and obstacles that surround the event.

Results of IBP

IBP teaches a person how to rely on their core intelligence to overcome and address all of life’s issues as they come. The answer is not in the question itself, but in how a person internalizes the question and the circumstances surrounding it. A sense of well-being is achieved when people learn to use their somatic wisdom to face each and every question that presents itself.

Resources Related to Integrative Body Psychotherapy:

Help Guide

Rosenberg’s Integrative Body Psychotherapy

IBP Online Bookstore

Wikipedia’s Page about Integrative Body Psychotherapy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Integrative Body Psychotherapy (IBP) is a psychotherapy that recognizes and treats the somatic (physical), psychological/emotional, and spiritual nature of a human being. It is based on the premise that the body, mind, and spirit are not separate, but rather integrated parts of a whole person. Every experience has a physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual aspect, which manifests internally within the body, and externally in relationship to others.

IBP was first developed by Jack Lee Rosenberg, Ph.D starting in the late 1970s


Integrative Body Psychotherapy (IBP) is a synthesis and implementation of therapies:

PSYCHOLOGICAL. The psychological orientation of IBP is built on Object Relations, Attachment Theory, Cognitive Behavioural, Gestalt, Transpersonal and others.

SOMATIC. The somatic orientation of IBP uses components of several somatic therapies including Alexander technique, Bioenergetics, Feldenkrais body work, and the evocative, enlivening and integrating effect of Yogic and Reichian breath work[disambiguation needed].[1]

SPIRITUAL. The spiritual aspect of IBP partakes of theories and practices of meditation and Transpersonal Psychotherapy.[2]


Some of the key concepts, tools and techniques of Integrative Body Psychotherapy:

Cognitive-sensate link. In order to create lasting change, every cognitive insight in treatment is linked to physical/sensate response and vice versa.

Current event and early childhood experience. Upset about a current experience will have roots in an individual’s early history and IBP treatment addresses both – current event and early history.

Stress held in the body. Early childhood stresses are held in the body as energy blocks which are exhibited as chronic muscular tension, organ dysfunction and/or lack of sensation. A key component of IBP treatment is to facilitate the release of the energy blocks through physical exercises, physical and emotional release and psychological processing.

“The bug” diagrams the entry points of enquiry in an IBP therapy session. Any topic introduced by the client (or the therapist) can be explored from any of the points indicated on the diagram and all of the points are experienced in the body.

Integrative Body Psychotherapy – The Bug

Arenas – Arenas is a summary way of describing the origin, structure and purpose of coping patterns that provides the therapist and the client with practical understanding and treatment interventions. Although it is based in Object Relations theory, the concept of Arenas is more pragmatic than comprehensive and scientific.

The Arenas are: Core Self, Primary Scenario, Basic Fault, Agency and Character Style.

The infant (Core Self) is born into and grows up in its family and culture (Primary Scenario). There it experiences needs met and needs not met. Where needs are not met the child feels awful (Basic Fault). In order to cope with the stress of the Basic Fault, it creates a complex of psychological, behavioural and somatic coping strategies, all of which require overriding and disconnecting from the experience of Core Self (Agency and Character Style).

CORE SELF. The Core Self is the basic, authentic Self, the Self that comes into the body at birth and goes away at death. It is the Self we experience when we feel truly loved or loving, when we are in a creative flow, when we are joyful or grieving or telling a deep truth seldom spoken. We experience the self that we truly are any time we are fully alive and present, focused in the moment.[5]

PRIMARY SCENARIO. Primary Scenario, in IBP, is the “movie” into which we were born. It is a summary diagram of the family history for three generations. Its purpose is to present a clear picture and a “felt sense” of what the client experienced as a child in his or her family. When the Primary Scenario is understood then the needs not met are revealed, as is the Basic Fault. The coping patterns become known and make sense.

BASIC FAULT. The Basic Fault is the bad feeling, the somatic reaction, psychological upset, confusion and negative belief about the self that results from needs not met in infancy. It is the primal wound that is the foundation and reason for the psychological, behavioral and somatic patterns that interrupt aliveness and wellbeing. The Basic Fault is a lie about the Self that is held deeply in the body and the psyche.It is also the root of upsets in the present. Everyone has a Basic Fault.

Treating the Basic Fault is the primary work of IBP and involves revealing the Basic Fault as a lie and learning to live life from the truth of the authentic, Core Self.

AGENCY. Agency is one of the patterns that IBP identifies for coping with the Basic Fault. The infant adopts a coping strategy of abandoning Core Self in an effort to meet the caretaker’s needs. The child reduces breathing, numbs its self- awareness and focuses on the needs of the mother (or primary caretaker) in an effort to influence the mother to better meet the child’s needs. As an adult, Agency takes the form of abandoning one’s self and taking responsibility for another’s wellbeing.

CHARACTER STYLE. Character Style is the other set of patterns that IBP identifies for coping with the Basic Fault. As a response to the sense of loss of self in Agency and to the distress of needs unmet, the child starts to develop strategies for pseudo-self expression, pseudo-assertion, and self-protection. Character Style is a complex pattern of fixed muscular holding, energy blocks, emotional responses, and behaviors as well as beliefs about the self and the world. The most common Character Style traits are: Splitting Off, Cutting Off, Fixed Ideas, Automatic No, Treating Self as Object, Lying Up or Lying Down, and, in relationships, Not Too Close but Not Too Far Away.[9]

(These concepts are complex, layered and often subtle and need to be studied and experienced to fully grasp. They manifest as behavioral, psychological, mental, somatic and relational. The definitions above are highly simplified for the sake of this summary explanation of IBP.)

Breath. Breathing fully is essential to feeling and being alive. Regulating the breath is also the first and most fundamental somatic pattern for coping with the Basic Fault. When an infant experiences the stress of a need not being met, it reduces its breathing to reduce the intensity of the stress it feels. Reduced breathing also makes it impossible to feel fully alive and present. We must breathe fully to experience our Core Self. In IBP, breathing fully is the most important tool for attaining and sustaining mental and physical health.[10]

Sustaining Constancy Series. SCS is a sophisticated breathing exercise that creates a profound experience of wellbeing. It combines high-charge breathing with physical stresses that result in the release of muscular and organic holding in the body. SCS stimulates and balances the central nervous system, oxygenates the blood, releases endorphins in the brain and allows energy to flow freely throughout the body. Helping the client move through the interruptions that arise during the exercise is the therapeutic work of IBP.

SCS is a primary IBP tool for experiencing the Core Self. It is a powerful antidote to the pervasive negative influence of the Basic Fault and when done as a regular practice, creates a constant sense of wellbeing and inner peace.[11]

IBP couples therapy

The one person problem. IBP couples therapy is based on the assumption that relationship difficulties are at least partially a result of one partner being “triggered” or upset as a reaction to the his or her own Basic Fault and vice versa. For instance, partner A’s Basic Fault is summarized as “I’m not loveable.” Partner B’s Basic Fault is summarized as “I’m defective and unlovable.” Partner B, who tends to absentmindedness, misplaces the wedding ring. Partner A experiences the fact as “I’m not loved (again)” and spontaneously reacts with hurt and anger. Partner B experiences the loss as “see, I’m defective” and the partner’s reaction as “I’m not loveable” and reacts defensively. The objective fact is that the ring is misplaced. From that fact, each partner upsets him or herself believing that it was the other partner’s action that caused the upset.

The goal of IBP therapy is to help the partners claim their power over their own upset. Much of IBP couples therapy is one-on-one therapy done with the other partner as a witness.

IBP couples therapy addresses the status of the relationship bond, relationship patterns of each partner, facilitates open heartedness and mutuality, sexuality and sexual dysfunction, healing betrayals, healing from loss such as miscarriages and abortions.[12]


Background. Dr. Jack Lee Rosenberg, the founder of Integrative Body Psychotherapy (IBP), began his professional career as a dentist in 1958. He was teaching, doing research, and studying at the University of California Dental School, when he became the Director of Counseling at the University of the Pacific, School of Dentistry. In 1971, Dr. Rosenberg received his doctorate in Clinical Psychology and began practicing psychotherapy.

In 1963, Dr. Rosenberg began traveling to the Esalen Institute, in Big Sur, California, where he studied with the great leaders of the Human Potential Movement: Fritz Perls (Gestalt therapy), Abraham Maslow, Alexander Lowen , Will Shuts, John Periocus, Rollo May, Carl Rogers, Moshe Feldenkrais, Ida Pauline Rolf (Rolfing). At the Esalen Institute, he also studied Eastern philosophies and became a yoga practitioner. Rosenberg was particularly influenced by the work of Robert K. Hall, M.D. (Lomi School).

From 1968 to 1976, Dr. Rosenberg was a training therapist and board member at the Gestalt Institute of Psychotherapy in San Francisco. In fact, Rosenberg’s first name for IBP was “Gestalt Body Psychotherapy.” For over eight years, he studied and did Freudian Psychoanalysis with Jean Pouteu, M.D. He worked with the leading therapists of that time: Dr. Philip Cucurudo (Reichian therapy), Jim Simkin, Ph.D. , Jack Downing, M.D., (founder of the Gestalt Institute of San Francisco), Elaine Kepner, Ph.D. , (Gestalt therapy ), and Janie Ryan, M.A. Dr. Rosenberg was in individual therapy for ten years with Victoria Hamilton, Ph.D., an Object Relations therapist who assisted John Bowlby, of Attachment theory fame. (Dr. Hamilton also trained in Object Relations therapy/theory with R. D. Laing and Donald Winnicott.) All these different therapeutic approaches are integrated into IBP’s implementation model.

Birth of Integrative Body Psychotherapy. In 1973, Dr. Rosenberg wrote the book, Total Orgasm, an energetic approach to realizing the full potential of human sexuality. In 1985, Marjorie Rand, Ph.D., and Diana Asay, M.A., helped organize and formalize the theory and practice of IBP in Dr. Rosenberg’s book. Dr. Rand also organized and developed the existing IBP training groups into what is now the IBP Central Institute professional training program.

Dr. Rosenberg and Dr. Rand assigned the task of developing IBP institute and practitioner certification criteria and IBP training program standards to their current IBP Advisory Board members: Beverly Kitaen Morse, Ph.D., Myron Goldenberg, and Tom Paris.

In 1986, Dr. Rand became the IBP Director of New Institutes, and in 1995, Dr. Morse became the Executive Director of the IBP Central Institute. Through its books, trainings and workshops, IBP’s reputation as a highly efficient and effective body oriented implementation model for psychotherapy spread worldwide. IBP Institutes were certified in the United States, Canada, and Europe, using a standardized curriculum and a growing group of IBP Certified Teachers.

Dr. Morse was introduced to IBP by Dr. Rand in 1977, and has been part of IBP ever since. Dr. Morse was a major organizing force in developing IBP theory, practice, and its training program. She is currently the Executive Director of both the IBP Central Institute and the IBP International Institutes.

IBP Institutes

There are eleven IBP institutes throughout the United States, Switzerland, Germany, and Canada. In Switzerland and Canada, where government and professional societies must officially recognize a therapeutic modality, IBP is certified and approved as a body-oriented psychotherapy.


  • Balint, Michael, The Basic Fault, Northwestern University Press, 1992
  • Babette Rothschild, Marjorie Rand – Help for the Helper: The Psychophysiology of Compassion Fatigue and Vicarious Trauma, W.W. Norton, Nov. 2005
  • Cortright, Brant, Psychotherapy and Spirit, State University of New York Press, 1997.
  • Edited by Theodor Itten and Markus Fischer: Jack Lee Rosenberg, Celebrating a Master Psychotherapist – A Festschrift in Honor of his 70th Birthday, 2002
  • Ed. Christina Caldwell, Marjorie L. Rand, – Getting In Touch: A Guide To The New Body Psychotherapies
  • Jane E. Latimer; Beyond the food game – A Spiritual & Psychological Approach To Healing Emotional Eating
  • Reich, Wilhelm, Character Analysis, Straus and Girous, Inc., 1949,1961
  • Rosenberg, J. L. Orgasm (1973) English
  • Rosenberg, J. L. Orgasmus (1973) Deutsch
  • Rosenberg, Rand, and Asay, Body, Self and Soul, p 21, Humanics Limited, 1985
  • Rosenberg, J. L., Rand, M. &Asay, D. – Körper, Selbst und Seele.
  • Rosenberg, J. L., Rand, M. &Asay, D. Le corps, le soi et l’âme
  • Rosenberg and Kitaen-Morse, The Intimate Couple, Turner Publishing, Inc., 1996
  • Rosenberg, J. L. “SegmentaleHaltemusterimKörper-Geist-System” ab S 66 in “Handbuch der Körperpsychotherapie” (Handbook of Body-Psychtherapiy), Marlock, Weiss, Stuttgart: Schattauer, 2006; 1120 pages,
  • Thomas Paris, Ph.D., and Eileen Paris, Ph.D.; I’ll never do to my kids what my parents did to me! – A Guide To Conscious Parenting,
  • Thomas Paris, Ph.D., and Eileen Paris, Ph.D.; NichtwiemeineEltern, Scherz( 1999)
  • Stern, Daniel, Interpersonal World of the Infant, Basic Books, 1985
  • Wilbur, Ken, No Boundary, Shambhala, 1985


  1. Jump up ^ Rosenberg, Rand, and Asay, Body, Self and Soul,p 95 – 118 and ch5, Humanics Limited, 1985
  2. Jump up ^ Cortright, Brant, Psychotherapy and Spirit, State University of New York Press, 1997. Wilbur, Ken, No Boundary, Shambhala, 1985
  3. Jump up ^ Rosenberg, Rand, and Asay, Body, Self and Soul,pp 22 – 26, Humanics Limited, 1985
  4. Jump up ^ Rosenberg and Kitaen-Morse, The Intimate Couple, Turner Publishing, Inc., 1996, ch2,11,12,13,14
  5. Jump up ^ Rosenberg, Rand, and Asay, Body, Self and Soul,pp 20 – 22, Humanics Limited, 1985
  6. Jump up ^ Rosenberg and Kitaen-Morse, The Intimate Couple, Turner Publishing, Inc., 1996, p 281, Rosenberg, Rand, and Asay, Body, Self and Soul,pp 18-20 and ch 3, Humanics Limited, 1985
  7. Jump up ^ The Basic Fault, Michael Balint, Northwestern University Press, 1992
  8. Jump up ^ Daniel Stern, Interpersonal World of the Infant, Basic Books, 1985, Rosenberg and Kitaen-Morse, The Intimate Couple, Turner Publishing, Inc., pp36-42 and Ch 13
  9. Jump up ^ Rosenberg and Kitaen-Morse, The Intimate Couple, Turner Publishing, Inc., Ch 12.Rosenberg, Rand, and Asay, Body, Self and Soul,p 21, Humanics Limited, 1985
  10. Jump up ^ Rosenberg, Rand, and Asay, Body, Self and Soul,ch 4 and 5, Humanics Limited, 1985,The Intimate Couple, Rosenberg and Kitaen-Morse, ch6, Reich, Wilhelm, Character Analysis, Straus and Girous, Inc., 1949,1961
  11. Jump up ^ The Intimate Couple, Rosenberg and Kitaen-Morse, ch 4, 5 and 7, Rosenberg, Rand, and Asay, Body, Self and Soul,ch 4, Humanics Limited, 1985,Reich, Wilhelm, Character Analysis, Straus and Girous, Inc., 1949,1961
  12. Jump up ^ Rosenberg and Kitaen-Morse, The Intimate Couple, Turner Publishing, Inc. 1996

External links[edit]

Related Issues[edit]

<img src=”//×1″ alt=”” title=”” width=”1″ height=”1″ style=”border: none; position: absolute;” />

Retrieved from “



  1.  What is Integrative Body Psychotherapy (IBP)?

IBP is a unique non-invasive body-mind psychotherapy that shifts a client’s body-mind consciousness into highly integrated states of well-being, constancy and core sense of self. The IBP therapeutic process enables therapists and clients to identify and release the emotional/psychological/muscular holding patterns, born of emotional injury and conditioning, that prevent a client from attaining and sustaining these higher states of integration, authenticity and well-being. IBP also teaches clients the somatic and mental health tools they need to sustain these profound states, despite inevitable interruptions. As a result of IBP therapy, clients can experience themselves, others and the world around them differently, living in highly integrated states of well-being and out of their core sense of self.

  1.  How is IBP different from other psychotherapies?

Unlike traditional talk therapy, IBP’s somatic focus enables clients to identify and release holding patterns in their body that perpetuate the experience of early childhood emotional trauma. Because a client’s early history shapes the inner story they use to organize their current emotions, thoughts and actions, IBP helps them to build an authentic, coherent interior narrative that reflects today’s reality and tomorrow’s possibilities, rather than past distortions.  IBP clients become empowered to change how they view and react in the world, particularly in relationships.


About IBP

Integrative Body Psychotherapy (IBP) is a more efficient and effective way of working with clients that leads to deeper more meaningful work in less time with lasting results. IBP treats the whole person, integrating the body, mind, emotions and spirit. IBP unifies the best approaches to mental health and human evolution including: Psychoanalysis, Object Relations Theory, Gestalt therapy, Reichian therapy, Self Psychology, Bioenergetics, Feldenkrais, Transpersonal Psychology, Eastern philosophies and practices, and more. All these therapeutic approaches are unified in a single non-invasive somatic implementation model that is simple, powerful, efficient, effective and comprehensive.

IBP mental health tools are used in combination with energetic breath work to heighten aliveness in the body, enabling clients to break through their somatically maintained habitual false-self facades into fully integrated states of well being, constancy and core sense of self. By giving IBP clients a new somatically integrated experience of themselves, others and the world, they see everything through a totally different lens. By practicing IBP mental health tools and energetic breath work, clients learn to shift themselves out of the old habitual patterns and behaviors that kept them fragmented and living out of their false self, and to sustain a profound body-mind state of core self in the face of life’s inevitable interruptions.

Many people today live in constant states of stress, or fight, flight or freeze. These dysfunctional body-mind states not only limit functions such as the immune system, sexuality, digestion, and elimination, they also block the ability to think and feel beyond survival and crisis level problems. Without effective somatic intervention, clients stay fragmented, unstable and prone to faulty projections. It is practically impossible to shift out of these dysfunctional states with talk therapy alone. What is needed is an effective, integrated approach, such as IBP offers, that can transform states of fragmentation and stress into integrated and embodied states of well being, clarity, and serenity.

Most IBP clients and therapists come to IBP because they feel dissatisfied and disillusioned with other therapy modalities; they feel something is missing, or they aren’t experiencing real changes or lasting therapeutic results in themselves or their clients.