Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant that is popularly used as a spice or medicinal herb.

This plant grows about a metre tall, with narrow green leaves and yellow flowers that originated in the tropical rainforest of Southern Asia. This herb no longer grows wild but is commonly found in India. Indian ginger also has the largest amount of genetic variation.

Ginger was exported to Europe in the first century AD and was used extensively by the Romans.

The rhizome (root cluster) is the main part of the plant that is harvested and used.


Health Benefits of Ginger:

  • Stimulates the production of saliva, making swallowing easier
  • Alleviates nausea caused by seasickness/ motion sickness, morning sickness, and chemotherapy
  • Powerful antioxidant
  • Boosts the immune system
  • Decreases blood pressure
  • Alleviates arthritis
  • Decreases the risk of cancer and destroys ovarian and colon cancer cells
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Aids digestion
  • Aids with heartburn and acid reflux
  • Eases headaches and sore throats
  • Helps with the cold or flu
  • Aids with asthma, bronchitis, coughs, and other lung/throat disorders
  • Alleviates colic, loss of appetite, heart palpitations, and diarrhoea
  • Reduces menstrual pain
  • May lower cholesterol levels
  • Improves brain function and helps to prevent Alzheimer’s disease
  • The ingredient, gingerol, present in ginger helps to fight and prevent infections
  • It has a warming effect and improves circulation



In small quantities, ginger has very few negative side effects. It should not be used in conjunction with the blood thinner drug warfarin (or even aspirin), or the cardiovascular drug nifedipine.


Using ginger during PREGNANCY can be harmful if used for longer than 4 days. This herb should not be taken until after a consultation with your doctor as it can cause harm to the foetus, and increase the mother’s risk of bleeding.


Children under 4 years old should not take it.


Ginger can also cause heartburn, and people who suffer from IBS, ulcers, gallstones, or blocked intestines may react badly.


It is advisable to not take more than 4 grams of ginger per day.