Sugar Addiction

August 20, 2017

Sugar Addiction (1st of 3post series)

What is sugar?

vasi - sugarSugar is the generic term for the sweet soluble carbohydrate obtained from various plants, particularly sugar cane and sugar beet, which is used in food. There are different classes of sugar, each derived from different sources. Simple sugars include glucose, fructose, and galactose. Glucose (C₆H₁₂O₆) originates in the blood as animals as blood sugar and is the most important energy source for cellular respiration. Fructose (C₆H₁₂O₆), also known as fruit sugar, is often found in many plants such as tree and vine fruits, flowers, berries, and most root vegetables. Galactose (C₆H₁₂O₆) is ingested in the form of lactose from dairy products, which then is converted to galactose and glucose via digestion. Each of these sugars has the same chemical formulae but a different arrangement of atoms. When fructose is bonded to glucose, we are left with sucrose (C₁₂H₂₂O₁₁), which is the common granulated form of sugar used in most prepared food and beverages. There are also some low-calorie substitutes for sugar (artificial sweeteners),

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April 22, 2017

 

Diabetes is a chronic condition where an individual’s body cannot maintain healthy levels of glucose in the blood. Unhealthy blood glucose levels can lead to a variety of long term and short term problems. Glucose is a type of sugar, and is the body’s main source of energy. To function properly, our bodies require sugars (glucose) to be converted into energy. The hormone, insulin, is essential for the conversion of glucose to energy, and is therefore responsible for stabilizing the amount of sugar in the blood. People with diabetes tend to have insufficient insulin levels which results in a build-up of glucose in the blood. There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes: With this type of diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. It is an autoimmune condition, and the cause of this reaction is currently unknown. This type is less common than type 2 diabetes (affecting approximately 10% of people), and usually occurs before the age of 40. People with this type of diabetes have to depend on insulin injections ev