Sugar Addiction

August 20, 2017

Sugar Addiction (1st of 3post series)

What is sugar?

vasi - sugarSugar is the generic term for the sweet soluble carbohydrate obtained from various plants, particularly sugar cane and sugar beet, which is used in food. There are different classes of sugar, each derived from different sources. Simple sugars include glucose, fructose, and galactose. Glucose (C₆H₁₂O₆) originates in the blood as animals as blood sugar and is the most important energy source for cellular respiration. Fructose (C₆H₁₂O₆), also known as fruit sugar, is often found in many plants such as tree and vine fruits, flowers, berries, and most root vegetables. Galactose (C₆H₁₂O₆) is ingested in the form of lactose from dairy products, which then is converted to galactose and glucose via digestion. Each of these sugars has the same chemical formulae but a different arrangement of atoms. When fructose is bonded to glucose, we are left with sucrose (C₁₂H₂₂O₁₁), which is the common granulated form of sugar used in most prepared food and beverages. There are also some low-calorie substitutes for sugar (artificial sweeteners),