Diabetes

April 22, 2017

 

Diabetes is a chronic condition where an individual’s body cannot maintain healthy levels of glucose in the blood. Unhealthy blood glucose levels can lead to a variety of long term and short term problems. Glucose is a type of sugar, and is the body’s main source of energy. To function properly, our bodies require sugars (glucose) to be converted into energy. The hormone, insulin, is essential for the conversion of glucose to energy, and is therefore responsible for stabilizing the amount of sugar in the blood. People with diabetes tend to have insufficient insulin levels which results in a build-up of glucose in the blood. There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes: With this type of diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. It is an autoimmune condition, and the cause of this reaction is currently unknown. This type is less common than type 2 diabetes (affecting approximately 10% of people), and usually occurs before the age of 40. People with this type of diabetes have to depend on insulin injections ev

April 17, 2017

Glycine max, commonly known as soybean or soya bean, is part of the legume family, and native to East Asia. It is grown for its edible bean which has high levels of protein and has a wide variety of uses. Soybeans have only been introduced to the Western world since the 20th century, and are a relatively easy to grow and hardy plant, due to their adaptation to a variety of soils and climates. The most common type of soybean is a yellow colour, but rarer varieties can come in black, brown, or green colours. Some uses for this bean include: animal feed (defatted soybean meal), meat and dairy substitutes, industrial products such as lubricants, plastics, and waxes, and the production of foods such as soy vegetable oil, soy milk, tofu, tofu skin, soy sauce, fermented bean paste, natto, and tempeh. Any given area of land planted with soybeans can produce more protein than land planted with other crops, or especially, meat animals.   FOR: The soybean is:

  • High in fibre
  • High in protein
  • High in phytoestrogens
  • High in antioxidants
  • Low in saturated fa

April 3, 2017

SAGE

Common sage (Salvia officinalis) is a perennial, evergreen dwarf shrub, which can grow up to 2 feet, and is characterized by woody stems, purple/blue flowers, and grey/green leaves. It is part of the mint family, Lamiaceae and is native to the Mediterranean and the Balkan region (a peninsula and cultural area in South-eastern Europe). The botanical name, Salvia, is derived from the Latin word salvere which means ‘to be saved’. Sage was a sacred ceremonial herb of the Romans, being associated with immortality, and was used by the Greeks as a ‘coronary herb’ because it flushed disease from the body and relieved strain on the heart. In the Middle Ages sage was ingested as a tea to treat colds, fevers, memory and concentration loss, inflammations, ulcers, and many other ailments. There are approximately 8 different types of sage, each differing in appearance and use. These are:

  • Garden sage (Salvia officinalis): This is the most common type of sage, and is used for cooking, tea brewing, decoration, and medicinal use
  • Pineapple sage (Salvia elegans): This variety of sage has tubular red flowers and is used mainly for medicinal purposes
  • Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia): This type has silver/grey leaves, and produces small, blue/purple tubular flowers. It is not

July 3, 2016

Diamond is the hardest mineral in the world, with a hardness of 10 on Moh’s hardness scale. Diamond is composed completely of carbon atoms arranged in a strong crystal lattice. It is so hard because the carbon atoms are bonded together via extremely strong covalent bonds. There are usually hardly any impurities in diamond due to the rigidity of its lattice, but when there is nitrogen or boron present, the diamond will turn yellow or blue respectively.   Diamond is formed at extremely high pressures and temperatures deep under the Earth’s surface. This depth usually varies between 140 – 190 kilometres into the Earth’s mantle. Minerals containing carbon, provide the source material, and the diamond crystal will grow over a time period of 1 billion to 3.3 billion years. The diamond will then be brought to the surface by violent volcanic eruptions, and the magma (containing the diamond) will cool and solidify into rocks known as kimberlites and lamproites.   Diamond is u

March 11, 2016

Health screening is an important part of disease prevention. There are many screening tests and examinations that healthy men can undertake to help with detection of diseases such as cancer. Your General Practitioner is well placed to carry out some of these tests, refer you to have other tests, or to advise you on some of the self-checks you can be doing to monitor your health. One of the key roles of your GP is to prevent disease, so they will be only too happy to help you. The recommendations below often refer to screening for the general population – for men with specific risk factors for a particular disease the recommendations may be different. Your GP will be able to advise you if you are in any doubt.

March 9, 2016

It’s so simple and convenient that it couldn’t possibly count as exercise, right?  Wrong.  Study after study shows that regular moderate walking can help you lose weight and reduce your risk of heart disease.   In a study published in “Diabetes Research in Clinical Practice”, Japanese researchers tested obese men before and after they joined a one-year modest walking plan.  All they did was increase the number of steps they took during their daily activities.  The result: their blood pressure and cholesterol levels improved and the amount of body fat around their abdomen – the dangerous kind that leads to higher rates of heart disease and diabetes – significantly decreased.   For walking to count as exercise you need to walk five days a week for 30 minutes. Listening to music or even an “e” book while you walk takes your mind off the actual walk and making it easier to achieve.   Most people walk around 5000 steps per day without participating in any sport or exercise.   Using a pedometer, find your normal baseline of how many steps you take in a normal day.  Then, increase that amount by at least 200 steps a day until you reach 10000 or 12500 daily steps. (10000 is considered “active” while 12500 earns you the title of “highly active”)   reference: readers digest

February 10, 2016

What is Olive Leaf?

The term “olive leaves” refers to a mixture of leaves and branches from both the pruning of olive trees and the harvesting and cleaning of olives. The production of olive leaves from pruning is 25 kg per olive tree, and 5% of the weight of harvested olives collected at the oil mill can be added to that weight.  Olive tree (Olea europaea L.) leaves have been widely used in traditional remedies in European and Mediterranean countries. They have been used in the human diet as extracts, herbal teas, and powder and contain several potentially bioactive compounds with a range of health benefits.  

Where Does Olive Leaf Come From?

The olive is an important crop in the Mediterranean Basin, which produces 98% of the world total (approximately 11 million tons)  and lends important economic and dietetic benefits to the people of that region. The introduction of olive cultivation coincided with the expansion of the Mediterranean civilizations, and the olive has been used widely in traditional remedies in European Mediterranean islands and countries such as Spain, Italy, France, Greece, Israel, Morocco, Tunisia, and Turkey.

Olive Leaf Benefits

In alternative medicine, olive leaf extract is typically touted for treatment or prevention of the following health problems: Allergies, Alzheimer’s disease, candida yeast, chronic fa