Uses and Side Effects of Steroids

December 10, 2017

  vasi - steroidsCorticosteroids Corticosteroids are a synthetic man-made drug which closely resembles cortisol, a hormone naturally produced from the adrenal glands. Cortisol is essential for health and wellbeing. During stress, the body produces extra cortisol to prevent it from becoming sick. When cortisol is released into the bloodstream, it proceeds to act on different parts of the body and helps with: the body’s response to stress or danger, reducing inflammation, controlling blood pressure, influencing memory formation, controlling salt and water balance, and increasing the body’s metabolism of glucose. Common corticosteroid medications include prednisone, prednisolone, cortisone, hydrocortisone, and methylprednisolone. While steroids are commonly associated with bodybuilders and people who aim to illegally increase lean muscle mass, there are many legitimate medical uses for steroids. Corticosteroids are a common group of steroids which are used to treat arthritis, asthma, autoimmune diseases (such as Lupus, Crohn’s disease, and multiple sclerosis), myositis (inflammation of the muscle), skin conditions, eye

January 7, 2016

Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that help to suppress the immune system. These drugs are effective in treating many ailments, particularly autoimmune diseases, and have been used effectively for many years. Corticosteroids (cortisol, corticosterone, cortisone, and aldosterone) are produced naturally in the body by the Cortex, which is the outer portion of the adrenal gland, and can be broken down into two categories:

  1. Glucocorticoids: These act to suppress the immune system and lessen inflammation, while also assisting in the breakdown of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins
  2. Mineralocorticoids: These regulate the balance of salt and water in the body

Synthetic corticosteroids mimic the actions of naturally occurring corticosteroids and are often used as a replacement in people with dysfunctional adrenal glands which are unable to produce adequate amounts of the chemicals. Systemic corticosteroids refer to corticosteroids given orally, or via injection, and distributed throughout the body. These do not include corticosteroids used in the eyes, ears, nose, on the skin, or that are inhaled. Examples of synthetic corticosteroids:

  • Betamethasone
  • Budesonide
  • Cortisone
  • Hydrocortisone