Tonsillitis

October 3, 2017

Tonsillitis can be defined as the swelling of the tonsils due to infection.

The tonsils are the two small pads of glandular tissue found at each side of the back of the throat that act as part of the immune system. They work by producing antibodies and white blood cells which then attack the germs found inside the mouth. The tonsils are essentially the body’s first line of defense against airborne bacteria, pathogens, or germs found in food, and act to block these from invading the body once they enter through the mouth or nose. As the tonsils always come into contact with outside particles, they are often inflamed or enlarged, usually without a problem. Tonsillitis occurs when there is an influx of bacteria or other germs and the tonsils can’t handle the workload and become overwhelmed, resulting in them becoming very inflamed and infected themselves.

Causes of Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis can be caused by either bacteria or viruses, some of which commonly include: Streptococcus bacteria, adenoviruses, rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, Epstein-Barr virus, Parainfluenza virus, Enteroviruses, or the Herpes simplex virus. Other bacterial causes of tonsillitis include staphylococcus aureus, Mycoplasma pneumonia, Chlamydia pneumonia, Bordetella pertussis, Fusobacterium sp., and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Whether viral or bacterial, tonsillitis c